Scams: A Preventable Phenomenon That is Still Prevalent

By Associate Professor Dr Chong Wei Ying

In 2023, Malaysia experienced a significant escalation in financial scams, as evidenced by alarming statistics. The Securities Commission Malaysia (SC) reported a notable increase in scam-related complaints, with about 2,873 cases logged in just the third quarter, indicating a growing trend compared to previous years. In response, the SC has intensified its enforcement actions, including updating the Alert List with 274 new entries and blocking numerous websites and social media accounts associated with fraudulent activities.

The financial impact of these scams is substantial, with losses amounting to RM27 million reported in February 2023 and an additional RM100 million lost by 330 victims over a brief two-week period as reported in March 2023. These figures underscore the urgent need for heightened awareness and proactive measures to combat investment fraud in the country.

Financial scams come in various forms, preying on the unsuspecting and exploiting the vulnerable. For all the good that the digital era has given us, it has also given rise to a new breed of scams that can be conducted with unprecedented anonymity and reach. Platforms like Facebook, Instagram, and Twitter have become breeding grounds for investment scams, with fraudsters creating fake profiles and groups to promote fraudulent schemes.

Fake profiles, glittering promises, and exclusive invitations to join “the club” are just the tip of the iceberg. These scams often masquerade as exclusive investment opportunities or lucrative business ventures, leveraging the trust and connectivity of social networks to deceive unsuspecting victims.

Traditional Ponzi schemes have been a major issue. Many notable cases involving large organizations affected 400,000 people and caused an estimated RM 500 million in losses. Overall, losses from such scams exceed RM 1 billion annually.

The Geneva Gold Futures scandal involved RM5.5 billion and 35,000 investors. Additionally, cash trusts offering suspiciously high returns of up to 36% per annum are suspected to be Ponzi schemes, with RM1 billion taken from the market in a year. These statistics and cases highlight the widespread impact and financial damage caused by these fraudulent activities in Malaysia.

In light of the continuing evolution of the Ponzi schemes, potential investors should exercise due diligence and skepticism, thoroughly researching investment opportunities and consulting with financial experts if necessary.


Individuals can protect themselves from falling victim to financial scams by cultivating a healthy skepticism and exercising caution, especially when presented with too-good-to-be-true opportunities. Here are some important tips to stay safe:

  1. Keep yourself updated about the latest scams and scammers’ tactics. Knowledge is a powerful defense against deception.
  2. Always verify the legitimacy of emails, messages, or investment opportunities through official channels. Make direct contact with the purported sender or organization using verified contact information.
  3. When engaging in online transactions or investments, always ascertain that the website has a secure connection (indicated by [https://]https://). Ensure the platforms are secure and reputable; and stay alert for any signs of phishing attempts.
  4. Don’t overshare online. It is important not to post sensitive details such as financial and personal information on social media platforms, as scammers often use this information to target their victims.
  5. Always consult with qualified financial professionals before making significant investment decisions. They can offer valuable insights and help with identifying red flags.
  6. If an opportunity seems too good to be true, it probably is. The promise of high returns with minimal risk is a classic indicator of a possible scam.
  7. If you encounter a scam or suspicious activity, report it to relevant authorities, such as the National Scam Response Centre, NSRC or local law enforcement. Your action may help prevent others from falling victim.

Scam cases remain prevalent due to the ever-evolving tactics of scammers, the global nature of the internet, and the vulnerability of individuals to social engineering. Reducing the number of cases requires a concerted effort involving education, technology, legislation, and international cooperation. By addressing these aspects comprehensively, we can make significant strides in reducing the prevalence of scams and protecting potential victims.

Associate Professor Dr Chong Wei Ying is a lecturer at the School of Marketing and Management at Taylor’s Business School, Faculty of Business and Law, Taylor’s University. Taylor’s Business School is the leading private business school in Southeast Asia for Business and Management Studies based on the 2023 QS World University Rankings by Subject and has received the Association to Advance Collegiate Schools of Business (AACSB) accreditation.

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